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    If I were you的句型表達,你了解嗎?

      Beyoncé 的歌詞中 "If I were a boy".如果我是個男孩,就是這樣一個句型。   先來感受下這些表達吧:   1.I wouldn’t …

      Beyoncé 的歌詞中 "If I were a boy".如果我是個男孩,就是這樣一個句型。

    ??????????

      先來感受下這些表達吧:

      1.I wouldn’t wear a sweater in such hot weather if I were you.

      換做我是你,我不會在這樣的大熱天穿毛衣。

      2.If I were you,I would explain to Jack what happened.

      如果我是你,我會想杰克解釋事情的經過。

      3.If I were you, I should get another lawyer.

      如果我是你,我就請別的律師。

      4.I would think about it very carefully, if I were you.

      我要是你的話,我就十分慎重地考慮這件事。

      一.常用句型及表達:

      在虛擬語氣中我們通常用:If I were...,I would...句型

      Eg:1.If I were you, I would study harder.

      2.If I were you, I would stop doing that.

      3.If I were you, I would go to the doctor.

      你還可以更改句子順序,這種語序就沒有必要用逗號了,變成:

      1.I would study harder if I were you.

      2.I would be more careful if I were you.

      3.I wouldn't do that if I were you.

      二.在虛擬語氣中我們還可以用其他人稱做主語:

      IF + I / HE / SHE / IT + WERE

      Eg:1.If I were you, I wouldn't play with fire.

      (第一人稱)

      2.If you were me,would you study English or go to the movie?

      如果你是我,你會學英語還是去看電影。(第二人稱)

      3.If he were taller, he'd be accepted into the team.

      要是他再高點,我就同意他加入小組了。(第三人稱)

      *三.在虛擬語氣中,如果要表示“我要是你”,通常是用 If I were you 的,但可以用 If was you 嗎?

      首先if I was這個句子語法上沒錯,但并不是虛擬語氣了,而是陳述語氣;

      Eg:1.If I was sick, she would give me medicine that tasted terrible.

      如果我生病了,他就會給我吃很難吃的藥。

      2.If I were sick, I wouldn't be here.

      如果我生病了,我就不會在這。(言外之意我沒有生病,我是給出了假設的情況)

      這是一個語法學家們有分歧的問題:

      有的語法學家認為 If I were you 不能說成 If I was you。比如《朗文英語語法》在14.13.2節就認為在 If I were you / If I were in your position 中不用 was。該書所給例句為:

      Eg:If I were you / in your position, I’d accept their offer.

      如果我是你,我就接受他們的建議。

      但事實上,日常日常口頭表達中也有些英語母語者會用“If I was”.

      語言總是隨著人類表達習慣不斷改變。沒有永恒不變的表達習慣。

      建議:如果是初學者或作為學生參加考試,以用 If I were you 為宜。

      四.總結用法:

      虛擬語氣用在與現在事實相反條件句中時,條件從句的謂語用動詞的過去式 (be的過去式用were),結果主句的謂語用should(第一人稱)或would(第二、三人稱)+動詞原形。if 表示“如果”,I “我”,were是"are"的過去式,you”你”,would在這里是"will "的過去式,這里的過去式表示的都是假設,不可能發生的事情。

      Eg:1.If I were stronger,I would train for the marathon.

      如果我再強壯點,我就訓練參加馬拉松。

      2.If I were an animal,I would be a lion.

      如果我是動物,我就成為獅子。

      3.If I I were in charge,I would give everyone a vacation.

      如果我管事兒,我給所有人放假。

      4.If I were you,I would not buy that dress.

      如果我是你,我不會買那條裙子。

      5.If I were you,I would study English and find a new job.

      如果我是你,我會好好學習英語再找個新工作。

      6.I'd think twice before buying that car if I were you.

      如果我是你的話,在買那輛車之前我會再三考慮的。

    本文來自網絡,不代表一鳴英語網立場,轉載請注明出處:http://www.wxjbf.com/ljc/yyyf/2220/

    作者: admin

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